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It is advised to be informed and manage your movements throughout the days and hours of high temperatures , especially due to the high air pollution and ground-level ozone emissions that form a potentially fatal cocktail for ages above 65 years old, toddlers, asthma sufferers and people with cardiac and respiratory problems

Such a heat this summer! ... second wave since June

Acropolis, Ancient sites closed in Greece during Heat time zones

Greek authorities closed the ancient Acropolis in Athens to visitors for several hours Wednesday along with other popular archaeological sites around the country due to a heatwave.

The Culture Ministry said all archaeological sites closed between 1:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. (1100-1500GMT), and repeated on ...

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The foggy, stinky, Greece's #heat cocktail at the opening #Grummer17 hot season

Heat wave peak on Friday in Greece that is expected to rise in temperature and humidity even more till the end of the first Jully weekend according to forcasts , leaving residents of Attica, Evros, Thessaly, central Macedonia and the Peloponnese under the brunt of  accute swelteri...

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last year

First untimely heat 2016 since mid of June

On June 18th, mercury reached 40 Celcius and stayed as such for over three days.GO

past days 2017

Greece's Garbadge Apocalypse on 11th day under 40+C Heat

"Rats ‘big like cats’  have been seen by citizens  roaming through the mountains of garbage, as they have said on TV during the last couple of days ...Read Full Post 

Protect from Heat 

Protection from heat is necessary  the Greek CDC Guidelines stress, reminding  all the necessary steps  to take for protecting you and your beloved ones. People who are od weak health, kids, and elderly,  need your intention and care during the heat hours or days, and you should always have this in mind   

Risks are 

• The dehydration of the body.

• Heat exhaustion and heat stroke, which can become lifethreatening for vulnerable groups, and also healthy people of any age  go to the official Greek CDC (HCDCP) Press Release 


Symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke

Heat exhaustion 

• headache,

• fainting, payment forces,

• fainting,

• cold and clammy skin,

• drop in blood pressure,

• nausea,

• vomiting,

• tachycardia,

• normal (usually) body temperature

  • sweat

 heat stroke occurs with more severe events 

• increased body temperature (<40.5oC),

• hot and red skin,

  • absence of sweating

• vomiting,

• diarrhea,

• coagulation disorders

• behavioral disorders, loss of consciousness or 

  • coma.

How to react 

If someone displays symptoms of heat exhaustion, you should:

• Transfer the sufferer in a cool, airy, shady or air-conditioned area or if outdoors, take him on trees shadow.

• Give the person drink slowly cool water (not ice cold).and be sure he drinks it slowly 

  •   Alcoholic beverages or liquids containing caffeine (coffee, caffeinated, sofft drinks).are not advised 

• Loosen or remove clothing that may be annoying.

• Use wet with cold water towels or sheets to cool his body.

• Ensure that the patient can sit back and watch him on recovery changes of his health condition.

  •  If no improvement is noticed , the patient has to be immediately to be transported to the hospital.

for heatstroke


In case of heat stroke, you must immediately provide medical assistance or make evacuation of the person in hospital.

Until then, you can take the following actions:

• Transfer the patient in a cool, airy or air space and in any case shady as under trees.

• Reduction of the patient's body temperature with wet sheets or towels or other cold compresses or taking in a bathtub with cool water.

• Gradual granting of small amounts of cool water if the patient is conscious and not vomiting 

  • Never give fluids to unconscious person.

Caution: heat and pollution coctail most threatening

High summer temperatures combined with air pollution can cause ground-level ozone to form, which has serious effects on health, 
especially for 
older people or 
children, or 
those with asthma and 
other breathing problems. 

The European Environment Agency (EEA) 

Ozone levels have not yet surpassed the safety levels according to the Greek Ministry of Environment during the heat wave of June 2017.  On the contrary, same days last year  during the 13 days of heat of June 2016, high ground-level ozone rates beyond safety limits  were recorded (in 06/18) in the suburbs of Liosia, Maroussi, Aghia Paraskevi and Thrakomakedones,  while the heat was reaching the 40-Celcius,  and also on 06/ 30 in Lykovrisi and Liosia, even though the temperatures had not exceed the 33C. 

Go to Ministry of Environment &Energy Ozone and Air Pollution Daily Updates 

The European Envirenmental Agency Guidelines for air pollution protection

the effects

Excessive ground-level ozone can cause

  • breathing problems,

  • trigger asthma,
  • reduce lung function

  •  and cause lung diseases. 

  • The mortality rate rises with increases in ozone exposure, according to recent European

What to do, by the EEA

  • Children, the elderly, asthma sufferers and others with respiratory illnesses are most vulnerable

  • If ozone levels are very high, it is advisable for these groups to avoid spending a lot of time outdoors. 
  • Ozone levels are usually higher in the afternoon, so vulnerable people may avoid the higher levels of pollution by working or exercising outdoors in the mornings or evenings

The European Environmental Agency has updated its Guidelines to all  European Countries to raise awareness  for the  protection of ozone+ heat fatal condition    

It was the central Europe that faced heat and ozone concentrations last summer 

In 2015 summer,  the highest concentrations had been on 25 and 26 July in the afternoon and evening by Belgium, western Germany, the Paris region and northern France and the north of Italy particularly affected

Unlike ozone in the stratosphere, which protects us from ultraviolet radiation, high levels of ground-level or ‘tropospheric’ ozone can also damage plants, reducing crop yields and forest growth, and also damage buildings and monuments.

Ground-level ozone is not directly emitted into the atmosphere but is formed from chemical reactions following the release of various  ‘precursor pollutants’ from a wide variety of sources: for example, fossil fuel combustion, road transport, refineries, solvents, vegetation, landfills, wastewater, livestock, and forest fires.

The reactions that create ozone are catalysed by heat and sunlight – so it is a particular problem in the summer months, and southern Europe typically has much higher levels of ozone than the north. go to official site

Τhe Deadly Heat in Athens, in recent History  

It's been just 25 years since the deadly heat wave of July 1987, that costed officially 1300 lives and unofficially over 1,500 victims. It was a heat that reached the 44 Celsius and lasted six days.  Air conditioners had not been installed yet in the buildings and homes of Athens, and indeed, not even in the hospitals. 

The prolonged heat had burned the walls, and the consequences were dramatic. It was one of the biggest disasters in Attica history, with over 1115 lives lost in Attika region and Athens only.

But in was not the first time of Athens highest temperatures . In 1978 the heat had reached the 48 Celsius (!) with no victims. It did not last more than two days.....  source